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Title: Аналіз кількісно-якісного стану машинно-тракторних парків сільськогосподарських підприємств Володарського району Київської області
Other Titles: Analysis of the quantitative and qualitative state of machine and tractor parks of agricultural enterprises of Volodarka district, Kyiv region
Authors: Непочатенко, Андрій Вікторович
Nepochatenko, Andriy
Непочатенко, Віктор Андрійович
Nepochatenko, Viktor
Keywords: машинно-тракторний парк;machine and tractor park;надходження техніки;revenue equipment;вибуття техніки;disposal equipment;коефіцієнт технічної готовності сільськогосподарських машин;level of technological readiness of agricultural machines
Issue Date: 2014
Publisher: Білоцерківський національний аграрний університет
Citation: Непочатенко А.В. Аналіз кількісно-якісного стану машинно-тракторних парків сільськогосподарських підприємств Володарського району Київської області / А.В. Непочатенко, В.А. Непочатенко // Економіка та управління АПК: зб. наук. праць. - Біла Церква: БНАУ, 2014. - Вип. 1(111). - С. 66-71.
Abstract: У статті висвітлено сучасний стан машинно-тракторних парків сільськогосподарських підприємств Володарського району Київської області протягом 2008-2012 років, досліджено динаміку змін кількості основних видів техніки і середньої потужності двигуна трактора підприємств району та визначено параметри регресій, які апроксимують статистичні дані. Проаналізовано марочну та вікову структури машинно-тракторних парків, коефіцієнти технічної готовності – на основі чого було підсумовано основні тенденції змін, що відбулись в МТП сільськогосподарських товаровиробників за досліджуваний період часу.
Description: The article highlights the current state of machine and tractor parks of Volodarka district, Kyiv region and examins the major latest trends in the structure. Both quantitative and qualitative composition of functional MTP farms have gained great importance among the factors that directly affect the efficiency of agricultural production. Official statistical data show that the number of vehicles on farms Volodarka district, Kyiv region is gradually decreasing. Thus, over the period of 2008-2012, inventory the amount of tractors available decreased by 1.2 times; harvesters – by 1,1 times; corn harvesters - by 10.0 times; forage harvesters and beet harvester by 1.3 times. Significant changes were observed in a group of crawler tractorsthe, the amount of which decreased by 2.24 times ( 38 pcs. 2008 17 pcs. - In 2012 ) only in the last five years at agricultural enterprises. The following brands of tractors were among the "leaders" in the largest number decrease: among the crawlers - DT-75, T -150 , including the wheeled K- 700, K -701, T -25 and YuMZ brand tractors, the amount of which, during that period of time, changed by 1,67-4 times depending on the brand of machines. The main and most common brands of tractors in the agricultural enterprises Volodarka area are - MTZ (Belarus), amounted to 171 units in 2012, which, in turn, is 60,21 % of the total number and 64.04 % of the number of wheeled tractors. One should pay attention to the fact that during 2008-2012 there was an increase in the number of tractors produced by foreign manufacturers by 1.65 times (26 pcs. in 2008 to 43 pcs. in 2012 ). The amount of combine harvesters at the agricultural enterprises of Volodarka area during the studied period suffered a decrease as well. Definitely positive is the fact that the the decrease in the total number of existing combine harvesters in the area, takes primarily due to the decrease in the number of old, unproductive and obsolete models of SK-5 "Niva" , SK-6 "Colos", which has not met the current requirements oo intensive agricultural production. The total amount of machines in agriculture enterprises in 2012 was ¾ of the amount of all combine harvesters made foreign made harvesters, 1 /7 of Don-1500 or " Polissya" brand, 1/ 15 - SK-5 "Niva" or SK -6 "Colos", and only 1/30 of all combine harvesters was represented with domestically produced machines of « Slavutich", " Lan", " Skif" or "Dnipro" of all modifications . The conducted analysis shows that the largest share in the age structure of machine-tractor and car parks of Volodarka area is represented with the machinery older than 15 years. Instead, the amount of new agricultural machines at agricultural enterprises of the region is relatively small, only one of five tractors and combine harvesters, one of eighteen of forage harvesters, one of nineteen beet harvesting machine and one of twenty eight trucks were under the age of 5 years. The positive point is a gradual increase of its technical readiness has taken place in recent years due to the cancellation of the old and purchasing new equipment has taken place, and this trend is observed for all the kinds without exception.
metadata.dc.identifier.udc: 631.11: 631.173 (477.41)
Appears in Collections:Наукові публікації

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